If a government or ‘a people’ is unstable, the imposition of temporary military rule and authority is necessary to maintain law and order if the civil authorities at the time fail to function effectively. This is sometimes inevitable during a time of civil disobedience or rebellion. This is called Martial Law. Starting in 1972, when the Philippines were under the rule of Ferdinand Marcos, it was declared in Proclamation 1081 that the entire country was now under martial law. Marcos claimed that he needed extra powers to suppress the rising wave of civil strife and the threat and violence allegedly caused by the communists. According to Marcos, it was necessary to enforce martial law to eliminate the quickly forming start of a rebellion. While a total of around 30,000 prisoners were held in military-run camps, opposition figures were being arrested left and right.
Similar to other dictatorships, the Philippines under Ferdinand Marcos was a violent and lawless place. The military used force and violence to extract information from those thought to be opposing Marcos. Like the Nazi SS and the Soviet Union, the military abused human rights excessively through torture and assault targeting any person who resisted the government. Like Stalin, Hitler, and many of the other tyrannical rulers, Marcos expressed ideas of moving towards a totalitarian state. Covering up his paranoia, he explained that Martial Law was not military takeover, but rather a necessary step to resolve the Philippines dilemma on rebellion that would eventually lead to chaos in the country. He claimed that by imposing Martial Law, it would contribute to his ultimate goal of leading the nation into what he calls a “New Society.” However, the Filipinos rebelled against this in the People Power Revolution. The image above is a newspaper explaining Marco's ideas on Martial Law